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Tile adhesives


ARDEX D1-abamastic is a high performance, ready mixed wall tile adhesive with superior flexibility a

By  Last updated: 28th January 2013

 ARDEX D1-abamastic is a high performance, ready mixed wall tile adhesive with superior flexibility and tenacity-non-slip

PRODUCT NAME
ARDEX D1
SYNONYMS
abamastic
PRODUCT USE
Water- based premixed wall tile adhesive for fixing ceramic tiles in interior situations.
SUPPLIER
Company: Ardex Australia Pty Ltd
Address:
20 Powers Road
Seven Hills
NSW, 2147
AUS
Telephone: 1800 224 070
Fax: +61 2 9838 7817
CHEMWATCH HAZARD RATINGS
Flammability
Toxicity
Body Contact
Reactivity
Chronic
SCALE: Min/Nil=0 Low=1 Moderate=2 High=3 Extreme=4
Section 2 – HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE
NON-HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. NON-DANGEROUS GOODS. According to the Criteria of
NOHSC, and the ADG Code.
POISONS SCHEDULE
None
RISK SAFETY
None under normal operating Avoid exposure – obtain special instructions before use.
conditions.
In case of contact with eyes rinse with plenty of water
and contact Doctor or Poisons Information Centre.

Section 3 – COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
NAME CAS RN %
ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 111-76-2 <0.9
biocide, unspecified <1
non hazardous ingredients, unspecified >60
Section 4 – FIRST AID MEASURES
SWALLOWED
• Immediately give a glass of water.
• First aid is not generally required. If in doubt, contact a Poisons Information Centre
or a doctor.
EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
• Wash out immediately with fresh running water.
• Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and
moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
• If pain persists or recurs seek medical attention.
• Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled
personnel.
SKIN
If skin contact occurs:
• Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
• Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
• Seek medical attention in event of irritation.
INHALED
• If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
• Other measures are usually unnecessary.
NOTES TO PHYSICIAN
Treat symptomatically.
Section 5 – FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
• There is no restriction on the type of extinguisher which may be used.
• Use extinguishing media suitable for surrounding area.
FIRE FIGHTING
• Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
• Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves for fire only.
• Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water courses.
• Use fire fighting procedures suitable for surrounding area.
• DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
• Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
• If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
• Equipment should be thoroughly decontaminated after use.
FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
• Non combustible.
• Not considered a significant fire risk, however containers may burn.

Section 5 – FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
Decomposition may produce toxic fumes of: carbon dioxide (CO2), other pyrolysis products
typical of burning organic material.
May emit poisonous fumes.
May emit corrosive fumes.
FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY
• Avoid contamination with oxidising agents i.e. nitrates, oxidising acids, chlorine
bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result.
HAZCHEM: None
Section 6 – ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
MINOR SPILLS
• Clean up all spills immediately.
• Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
• Wear impervious gloves and safety goggles.
• Trowel up/scrape up.
• Place spilled material in clean, dry, sealed container.
• Flush spill area with water.
• Clean up all spills immediately.
• Avoid breathing vapours/ aerosols or dusts and avoid contact with skin and eyes.
• Place in a suitable labelled container for waste disposal.
MAJOR SPILLS
Minor hazard.
• Clear area of personnel.
• Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
• Control personal contact by using protective equipment as required.
• Prevent spillage from entering drains or water ways.
• Contain spill with sand, earth or vermiculite.
• Collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling.
• Absorb remaining product with sand, earth or vermiculite and place in appropriate
containers for disposal.
• Wash area and prevent runoff into drains or waterways.
• If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.
Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.
Section 7 – HANDLING AND STORAGE
PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING
• Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
• Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
• Use in a well-ventilated area.
• Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
• DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
• DO NOT allow material to contact humans, exposed food or food utensils.
• Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
• When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
• Keep containers securely sealed when not in use.
• Avoid physical damage to containers.

Section 7 – HANDLING AND STORAGE
• Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
• Work clothes should be laundered separately. Launder contaminated clothing before reuse.
• Use good occupational work practice.
• Observe manufacturer’s storing and handling recommendations.
• Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure
safe working conditions are maintained.
SUITABLE CONTAINER
• Polyethylene or polypropylene container.
• Packing as recommended by manufacturer.
• Check all containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks.
STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY
• Avoid reaction with oxidising agents.
STORAGE REQUIREMENTS
• Store in original containers.
• Keep containers securely sealed.
• Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
• Store away from incompatible materials and foodstuff containers.
• Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.
• Observe manufacturer’s storing and handling recommendations.
Section 8 – EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
EXPOSURE CONTROLS
Source Material TWA ppm TWA mg/m³ STEL ppm STEL mg/m³
Australia Exposure ethylene glycol 20 96.9 50 242
Standards monobutyl ether (2-
Butoxyethanol)
EMERGENCY EXPOSURE LIMITS
Material Revised IDLH Value (mg/m3) Revised IDLH Value (ppm)
ethylene glycol monobutyl ether 700 [Unch]
ODOUR SAFETY FACTOR (OSF)
OSF=2E2 (2-BUTOXY ETHANOL)
MATERIAL DATA
Exposed individuals are reasonably expected to be warned, by smell, that the Exposure
Standard is being exceeded.
Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is determined to fall into either Class A or B.
The Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is defined as:
OSF= Exposure Standard (TWA) ppm/ Odour Threshold Value (OTV) ppm
Classification into classes follows:
Class OSF Description
A 550 Over 90% of exposed
individuals are aware by
smell that the Exposure
Standard (TLV- TWA for
example) is being reached,
even when distracted by

Section 8 – EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
working activities
B 26- 550 As ” A” for 50- 90% of
persons being distracted
C 1- 26 As ” A” for less than 50% of
persons being distracted
D 0.18- 1 10- 50% of persons aware of
being tested perceive by
smell that the Exposure
Standard is being reached
E <0.18 As ” D” for less than 10% of
persons aware of being tested
.
INGREDIENT DATA
ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER:
Established occupational exposure limits frequently do not take into consideration
reproductive end points that are clearly below the thresholds for other toxic effects.
Occupational reproductive guidelines (ORGs) have been suggested as an additional
standard. These have been established after a literature search for reproductive noobserved-
adverse effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level
(LOAEL). In addition the US EPA’s procedures for risk assessment for hazard
identification and dose-response assessment as applied by NIOSH were used in the creation
of such limits. Uncertainty factors (UFs) have also been incorporated.
These exposure guidelines have been derived from a screening level of risk assessment and
should not be construed as unequivocally safe limits. ORGS represent an 8-hour timeweighted
average unless specified otherwise.
CR = Cancer Risk/10000; UF = Uncertainty factor:
TLV believed to be adequate to protect reproductive health:
LOD: Limit of detection
Toxic endpoints have also been identified as:
D = Developmental; R = Reproductive; TC = Transplacental carcinogen
Jankovic J., Drake F.: A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 57: 641-649 (1996).
Odour Threshold Value: 0.10 ppm (detection), 0.35 ppm (recognition)
Although rats appear to be more susceptible than other animals anaemia is
not uncommon amongst humans following exposure. The TLV reflects the need
to maintain exposures below levels found to cause blood changes in
experimental animals. It is concluded that this limit will reduce the
significant risk of irritation, haematologic effects and other systemic
effects observed in humans and animals exposed to higher vapour
concentrations. The toxic effects typical of some other glycol ethers
(pancytopenia, testis atrophy and teratogenic effects) are not found with
this substance.
PERSONAL PROTECTION
EYE
• Safety glasses with side shields.
• Chemical goggles.
• Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and
concentrate irritants. A written policy document, describing the wearing of lens or
restrictions on use, should be created for each workplace or task. This should include a
review of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account
of injury experience. Medical and first-aid personnel should be trained in their removal
and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical exposure,
begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens
should be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation – lens should be
removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands thoroughly. [CDC

Section 8 – EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59].
HANDS/FEET
• Wear chemical protective gloves, eg. PVC.
• Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, eg. Rubber.
NOTE:
• The material may produce skin sensitisation in predisposed individuals. Care must be
taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin
contact.
• Contaminated leather items, such as shoes, belts and watch-bands should be removed and
destroyed.
OTHER
• Overalls.
• P.V.C. apron.
• Barrier cream.
• Skin cleansing cream.
• Eye wash unit.
RESPIRATOR
Selection of the Class and Type of respirator will depend upon the level of breathing
zone contaminant and the chemical nature of the contaminant. Protection Factors (defined
as the ratio of contaminant outside and inside the mask) may also be important.
Breathing Zone Level Maximum Protection Half- face Respirator Full- Face Respirator
ppm (volume) Factor
1000 10 A- AUS –
1000 50 – A- AUS
5000 50 Airline * –
5000 100 – A- 2
10000 100 – A- 3
100+ Airline**
* – Continuous Flow ** – Continuous-flow or positive pressure demand.
The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of
personal protective equipment required.
For further information consult site specific
CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your
Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.
ENGINEERING CONTROLS
General exhaust is adequate under normal operating conditions. Local exhaust ventilation
may be required in specific circumstances. If risk of overexposure exists, wear approved
respirator. Correct fit is essential to obtain adequate protection. Provide adequate
ventilation in warehouse or closed storage areas.
Section 9 – PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
APPEARANCE
Thick white paste with a mild acrylic and ammonia odour; mixes with water.
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Mixes with water.
Molecular Weight: Not Applicable Boiling Range (°C): 100

Section 9 – PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Melting Range (°C): Not Available Specific Gravity (water= 1): 1.4 approx.
Solubility in water (g/L): Miscible pH (as supplied): 8.7- 9.2
pH (1% solution): Not Available Vapour Pressure (kPa): Not Available
Volatile Component (%vol): Not Available Evaporation Rate: Not Available
Relative Vapour Density (air=1): >1 Flash Point (°C): Not Ap plicable
Lower Explosive Limit (%): Not Applicable Upper Explosive Limit (%): Not Applicable
Autoignition Temp (°C): Not Applicable Decomposition Temp (°C): Not Available
State: Non Slump Paste Viscosity: Not Available
Section 10 – CHEMICAL STABILITY AND REACTIVITY INFORMATION
CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY
Product is considered stable and hazardous polymerisation will not occur.
Section 11 – TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS
ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS
SWALLOWED
The material has NOT been classified by EC Directives or other classification systems as
“harmful by ingestion”. This is because of the lack of corroborating animal or human
evidence. The material may still be damaging to the health of the individual, following
ingestion, especially where pre-existing organ (eg. liver, kidney) damage is evident.
Present definitions of harmful or toxic substances are generally based on doses producing
mortality rather than those producing morbidity (disease, ill-health). Gastrointestinal
tract discomfort may produce nausea and vomiting. In an occupational setting however,
ingestion of insignificant quantities is not thought to be cause for concern.
EYE
The material may be irritating to the eye, with prolonged contact causing inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
SKIN
The material is not thought to produce adverse health effects or skin irritation
following contact (as classified by EC Directives using animal models). Nevertheless,
good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable
gloves be used in an occupational setting.
Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions, may
produce systemic injury with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the use of the
material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.
INHALED
The material is not thought to produce adverse health effects or irritation of the
respiratory tract (as classified by EC Directives using animal models). Nevertheless,
good hygiene practice requires that exposure be kept to a minimum and that suitable
control measures be used in an occupational setting.
CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS
There is limited evidence that, skin contact with this product is more likely to cause a
sensitisation reaction in some persons compared to the general population.
There is some evidence from animal testing that exposure to this material may result in
toxic effects to the unborn baby.

Section 11 – TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
TOXICITY AND IRRITATION
Not available. Refer to individual constituents.
ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS – Register of Toxic Effects of
Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 470 mg/kg Skin (rabbit): 500 mg, open; Mild
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 220 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 100 mg/24h- Moderate
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 100 ppm Eye (rabbit): 100 mg SEVERE
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 195 ppm/8h * [Union
Carbide]
Inhalation (rat- male) LC50: 486 ppm *
Inhalation (rat- female) LC50: 450 ppm *
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may
produce on contact skin redness, swelling, the production of vesicles, scaling and
thickening of the skin.
NOTE: Changes in kidney, liver, spleen and lungs are observed in animals
exposed to high concentrations of this substance by all routes.
MATERIAL CARCINOGEN REPROTOXIN SENSITISER SKIN
ethylene glycol IARC:3
monobutyl ether
CARCINOGEN
IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens: ethylene glycol
monobutyl ether Category: The substance is classified by IARC as Group 3: NOT
classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans. Evidence of carcinogenicity may be
inadequate or limited in animal testing.
Section 12 – ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
Refer to data for ingredients, which follows:
ETHYLENE GLYCOL MONOBUTYL ETHER:
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 1490
BCF<100: 0.4
log Kow (Prager 1995): 0.83
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 0.8
Half- life Soil – High (hours): 672
Half- life Soil – Low (hours): 168
Half- life Air – High (hours): 32.8
Half- life Air – Low (hours): 3.28
Half- life Surface water – High (hours): 672
Half- life Surface water – Low (hours): 168
Half- life Ground water – High (hours): 1344
Half- life Ground water – Low (hours): 336
Aqueous biodegradation – Aerobic – High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation – Aerobic – Low (hours): 168
Aqueous biodegradation – Anaerobic – High (hours): 2688
Aqueous biodegradation – Anaerobic – Low (hours): 672
Photooxidation half- life air – High (hours): 32.8
Photooxidation half- life air – Low (hours): 3.28
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 1250- 1650

Section 12 – ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 600- 1000
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 0.76-0.83
Koc: 67
Half-life (hr) air: 17
Henry’s atm m³ /mol: 2.08E-08
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.71
COD: 2.2
Log BCF: 0.4
Fish toxicity:
(-) 24h LD50: 983-1650 mg/L
(Fathead minnow) 96h LC50: 1700 mg/L **
Invertebrate toxicity:
cell mult. inhib.91-900mg/L
(Daphnia) 48h LC50: >1000 mg/L **
Bioaccumulation: not sig
Effects on algae and plankton: cell mult. inhib.35-900mg/L
Degradation Biological: rapid
processes Abiotic: no hydrol&photol,RxnOH* ** [Union Carbide]
Section 13 – DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
• Containers may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when empty.
• Return to supplier for reuse/ recycling if possible.
Otherwise:
• If container can not be cleaned sufficiently well to ensure that residuals do not
remain or if the container cannot be used to store the same product, then puncture
containers, to prevent re-use, and bury at an authorised landfill.
• Where possible retain label warnings and MSDS and observe all notices pertaining to the
product.
Section 14 – TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
HAZCHEM: None
NOT REGULATED FOR TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS:UN, IATA,
IMDG
Section 15 – REGULATORY INFORMATION
POISONS SCHEDULE: None
REGULATIONS
Ardex D1 (CAS: None):
No regulations applicable
ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (CAS: 111-76-2) is found on the following regulatory lists;
Australia Exposure Standards
Australia Hazardous Substances
Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)
Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)
Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) – Appendix E (Part 2)
Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) – Appendix F (Part 3)
Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) – Appendix I
Australia Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (SUSDP) – Schedule 6
GESAMP/EHS Composite List of Hazard Profiles – Hazard evaluation of substances transported by ships
continued…
ARDEX D1

Section 15 – REGULATORY INFORMATION
IMO IBC Code Chapter 17: Summary of minimum requirements
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) – List of Other Liquid Substances
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals
Section 16 – OTHER INFORMATION
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH GUIDELINES
Established occupational exposure limits frequently do not take into consideration
reproductive end points that are clearly below the thresholds for other toxic effects.
Occupational reproductive guidelines (ORGs) have been suggested as an additional
standard. These have been established after a literature search for reproductive noobserved-
adverse effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level
(LOAEL). In addition the US EPA’s procedures for risk assessment for hazard
identification and dose-response assessment as applied by NIOSH were used in the creation
of such limits. Uncertainty factors (UFs) have also been incorporated.
Ingredient ORG UF Endpoi CR Adeq
nt TLV
ethylene glycol monobutyl 3.6 mg/m3 100 D NA –
ether
These exposure guidelines have been derived from a screening level of risk assessment and
should not be construed as unequivocally safe limits. ORGS represent an 8-hour timeweighted
average unless specified otherwise.
CR = Cancer Risk/10000; UF = Uncertainty factor:
TLV believed to be adequate to protect reproductive health:
LOD: Limit of detection
Toxic endpoints have also been identified as:
D = Developmental; R = Reproductive; TC = Transplacental carcinogen
Jankovic J., Drake F.: A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 57: 641-649 (1996).
Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and
authoritative sources as well as independent review by the Chemwatch Classification
committee using available literature references.
A list of reference resources used to assist the committee may be found at:
www.chemwatch.net/references.
The (M)SDS is a Hazard Communication tool and should be used to assist in the Risk
Assessment. Many factors determine whether the reported Hazards are Risks in the
workplace or other settings. Risks may be determined by reference to Exposures Scenarios.
Scale of use, frequency of use and current or available engineering controls must be
considered

 

source: ARDEX



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